Hymenolepis nana (also known as dwarf tapeworm). The man resented with fatigue, fever, cough, and weight loss of several months’ duration.
I have always been wondering why so many European people have allergies. And the bad thing is that I also got kind of allergy in 2014, and since then every year from March to June.
The figures below illustrates perfectly a few examples of host-control by the parasites. To read the full stories, please go to the original webpage in The Scientist.
In a recent study, researchers compared 2,712 uniq allergenic proteins or IgE/IgG4-binding protein, and 70,403 metazoan parasite proteins. Through domain discovery and 3D structure analysis, they identified 2,445 parasite proteins that are very similar to allergenic proteins, which includes mainly the EF-hand domains, Profilin and Expansin. They also idenfied the plant-specific Bet v1 domain, which is highly populated with allergens, in the platyhelminth Schistosoma mansoni. SmBv1L (= Smp_146970), annotated as “Putative phosphatidylcholine transfer protein”, is found to be homologous to the plant birch pollen allergen.
本次奖项授予的3个人(中国大陆的屠呦呦、爱尔兰的坎贝尔（William C. Campbell）、日本的大村智（Satoshi Omura）)主要同于他们发现了针对不同寄生虫病(疟疾和线虫)的抗性药物。