常见寄生虫种类(中英文)

常见寄生虫种类(中英文)

寄生虫(Parasite)历史悠久含义广泛。英文来源于希腊"parasitos"最早出现在16世纪左右,含义上任何一种其生存依赖于其他生物(宿主)并通常对宿主有害的生物都可以称之为寄生虫,通常包括原生动物(Protozoa),蠕虫(Helminth/worm parasite),和外寄生物(Ectoparasite; 一般为节肢动物Arthropod)。

Got allergy? Your body might be confused.

In a recent study, researchers compared 2,712 uniq allergenic proteins or IgE/IgG4-binding protein, and 70,403 metazoan parasite proteins. Through domain discovery and 3D structure analysis, they identified 2,445 parasite proteins that are very similar to allergenic proteins, which includes mainly the EF-hand domains, Profilin and Expansin. They also idenfied the plant-specific Bet v1 domain, which is highly populated with allergens, in the platyhelminth Schistosoma mansoni. SmBv1L (= Smp_146970), annotated as “Putative phosphatidylcholine transfer protein”, is found to be homologous to the plant birch pollen allergen.

那些被忽略的寄生虫病

刚刚结束的2015年诺贝尔医学奖评选将人们的目光聚集在寄生虫病上,因为这些疾病大都发生在非洲等发展比较落后地区,制药公司一般不太感兴趣。

本次奖项授予的3个人(中国大陆的屠呦呦、爱尔兰的坎贝尔(William C. Campbell)、日本的大村智(Satoshi Omura))主要同于他们发现了针对不同寄生虫病(疟疾和线虫)的抗性药物。